UNIT 3 LỚP 10: LANGUAGE FOCUS

     

Bài học Language Focus Unit 3 Lớp 10- People"s background hướng dẫn các em ôn tập thì vượt khứ chấm dứt và quá khứ đơn.

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Tóm tắt bài

1.Pronunciation Language Focus Unit 3

2. Grammar Language Focus Unit 3

3. Exercise Language Focus Unit 3

3.1. Language Focus Unit 3 Exercise 1

3.2. Language Focus Unit 3 Exercise 2

3.3. Language Focus Unit 3 Exercise 3

Bài tập minh họa

Bài tập trắc nghiệm

Hỏi đáp Language Focus Unit 3


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Past perfect (Thì vượt khứ trả thành)

Cấu tạo: Had + Past ParticipleCách dùng:Diễn tả một việc xẩy ra trước 1 thời điểm rõ ràng trong quá khứBy 2000 I had graduated from University.By 1900 my father had become famous.Diễn tả một việc xảy ra trước một vấn đề khác xẩy ra trong thừa khứHe had had dinner before he went to bed.After she had had breakfast, she went to school.Diễn tả hành vi lặp đi tái diễn nhiều lần trước một hành vi xảy ra trong vượt khứHe had travelled to lớn many countries before he set up his business.Thì quá khứ dứt thường được áp dụng với "by"By 1970 we had moved our house to lớn London.By the time I got home, my husband had cooked dinner.Khi quan hệ giữa hai hành vi trong thừa khứ rõ ràng (như trong các sử dụng cùng với before, after, as soon as) thì ta hoàn toàn có thể dùng thừa khứ đơn cho cả hai hễ từ.After she had appeared in the film, she got a part in another movie.

3. Exercise Language Focus Unit 3 Lớp 10


3.1. Unit 3 Lớp 10 Language Focus Exercise 1

Use the verbs in brackets in the past perfect. (Chia rượu cồn từ vào ngoặc nghỉ ngơi thì quá khứ hoàn thành.)

1. Because he (break) her favourite vase.

2. When I (do) all my homework.

3. No, I (meet) them before.

4. She suddenly remembered she (not turn off) the gas stove.

5. They said it was the loveliest đô thị they ever (see).

6. It rained yesterday after it (be) dry for months.

7. By the time he arrived, all his classmates (leave).

8. We didn"t have their new phone number because they (move) to the South.

9. When they met again, they (not see) each other for 10 years.

10. When I came, the room was in a terrible mess because someone (break in).

Guide lớn answer

1. Had broken

2. Had done

3. Had met

4. Had not turned off

5. Had ever seen

6. Had been

7. Had left

8. Had moved

9. Had not seen

10. Had broken in


3.2. Unit 3 Lớp 10 Language Focus Exercise 2

Put the verbs in brackets in the past simple or the past perfect. (Chia hễ từ trong ngoặc ngơi nghỉ thì vượt khứ 1-1 hoặc vượt khứ hoàn thành.)

1. We just (finish) dinner when they (come).

2. He seldom (travel) by bicycle before he (go) lớn Vietnam.

3. Ann (go) to lớn get the carpet for the room but someone already (take) it.

4. You (manage) khổng lồ see the Director, or he (go) out by the time you (get) there?

5. He just (get) trang chủ when you (phone). He (be) in New York.

Guide lớn answer

1. Has just finished - came

2. Had seldom traveled - went

3. Went - had already taken

4. Did ... Manage - had ... Gone - got

5. Had just got - phoned - had been


3.3. Unit 3 Lớp 10 Language Focus Exercise 3

There are five mistakes in the use of tenses in the following story. Find and correct them. (Có 5 lỗi về phong thái dùng các thì trong mẩu chuyện sau. Tìm và sửa chúng.)

While George was reading in bed, two thieveshad climbed into his kitchen. When they had entered the house, they went into the dinning room. It was very dark, so theyhad turned on a torch. Suddenly, they heard a voice behind them.

"What"s up? What"s up?" a voicehad calledout. The thieves dropped the torch và ran away as quickly as they could.

Georgehad hearda noise and came downstairs quickly. He turned on the light but he couldn"t see anybody. The thievesalreadywent. But George"s parrot, Henry, was still there.

Guide to answer

While George was reading in bed, two thieveshad climbed -> climbedinto his kitchen. When they had entered the house, they went into the dinning room. It was very dark, so theyhad turned -> turnedon a torch. Suddenly, they heard a voice behind them.

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"What"s up? What"s up?" a voicehad calledout-> calledout. The thieves dropped the torch & ran away as quickly as they could.

Georgehad heard -> hearda noise & came downstairs quickly. He turned on the light but he couldn"t see anybody. The thievesalready went -> had already gone. But George"s parrot, Henry, was still there.


1/ When they got home, the film started.

First they got home. Then the film started.First the film started. Then they got home.

2/ When he arrived at the school, the first lesson had started.

First he arrived at the school. Then the first lesson started.First the first lesson started. Then he arrived at the school.

3/ By the time she retired, she had appeared in about twenty plays.

First she retired. Then she appeared in about twenty plays.First she appeared in about twenty plays. Then she retired.

4/ Mark had written 15 novels by the time he decided lớn give up writing.

First Mark wrote 15 novels. Then he decided to lớn give up writing.First Mark decided to give up writing. Then he wrote 15 novels.

5/ Peter had already got a job before he started his own business.

First Peter got a job. Then he started his own business.First Peter started his own business. Then he got a job.

6/ The girl left the room after they had come in.

First the girl left the room. Then they came in.First they came in. Then the girl left the room.

7/ By the kết thúc of the movie, we had gone.

First the movie ended. Then we went.First we went. Then the movie ended.

8/ When my brother went lớn bed, he had switched off the lights.

First my brother went to bed. Then he switched off the lights.First my brother switched off the lights. Then he went to lớn bed.

9/ Tom sold his bike after he had sold his car.

First Tom sold his bike. Then he sold his car.First Tom sold his car. Then he sold his bike.

10/ Tony had bought a new computer before he bought a new laptop.

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First Tony bought a new computer. Then he bought a new laptop.First Tony bought a new computer. Then he bought a new laptop.